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What is India?

India (official name: the Republic of India; Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya) is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. ... Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago.

What is India's Full Name?

The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindus, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local the appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as India (Ἰνδοί), which translates as "The people of the Indus".

Why India is called India?

The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu. The latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi (Ἰνδοί), which translates as "The people of the Indus"

What is the real meaning of India?

The word "India" is a Western transliteration of the Sanskrit word "Sindhu," meaning"body of water." It specifically refers to what we know today as the Indus river, though the word could be used for any large body of water. ... Hindi name Bharat

Why is India famous?

“India is the cradle of the human race also the birthplace of human speech. ... India is famous for a lot of things around the world from yoga to its diversity from its travel destinations to its rich past but one the thing that this country is better at doing than most is celebrating festivals, lots of festivals

What Is India Best Known For?

India is famous for its hospitality where we still follow 'Atithi Devo bhabo' which means our guest is our god. India is famous for its spices and our cuisine is world-famous, no doubt in that.

What are the 5 names of India?

Hind / Hindustan.

How large is India?

India is the seventh-largest country in the world by area (3,287,263 total sq. km). The top 10 countries and dependencies by area are: World, Russia, Antarctica, Canada, China, United States, Brazil, Australia, India, Argentina, Kazakhstan, Algeria.

How old is India?

Archeologists have found human remains in India dating back to approximately 30,000 years ago. At that time, India was not an established country. Rather, various groups of people settled in or traveled through the area that is now India. The Indus Valley Civilization was established during the Bronze Age.

How many religions are in India?

The Indian subcontinent is the birthplace of four of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population of India practices Hinduism, 14.2% adheres to Islam, 2.3% adheres to Christianity, and 1.7% adheres to Sikhism.

Why did Delhi become the capital of India?

In 1911, it was announced that the capital of British-held territories in India were to be transferred from Calcutta to Delhi. ... New Delhi, also known as Lutyens' Delhi, was officially declared as the capital of the Union of India after the country gained independence on 15 August 1947.

How India Was Given Its Name?

India is a feminine given name derived from the name of the country India, which takes its name from the Indus River. The name was used for India Wilkes, a character in the novel and movie Gone with the Wind. Its use for girls in England began during the British rule in India during the 19th century.

Who made the Indian flag?

   Pingali Venkayya

Gandhi first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in 1921. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. In the center was a traditional spinning wheel, symbolizing Gandhi's goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.

Now Come To States Of India, 

Name Of 29 States Of India Given below With Capital _    States - Capitals Like this

Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad)
Arunachal Pradesh (Itanagar)
Assam (Dispur)
Bihar (Patna)
Chhattisgarh (Raipur)
Goa (Panaji)
Gujarat (Gandhinagar)
Haryana (Chandigarh)
Himachal Pradesh (Shimla)
Jammu & Kashmir (Srinagar{S*}, Jammu{W*})
Jharkhand (Ranchi)
Karnataka (Bangalore)
Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram)
Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal)
Maharashtra (Mumbai)
Manipur (Imphal)
Meghalaya (Shillong)
Mizoram (Aizawl)
Nagaland (Kohima)
Odisha (Bhubaneshwar)
Punjab (Chandigarh)
Rajasthan (Jaipur)
Sikkim (Gangtok)
Tamil Nadu (Chennai)
Telangana (Hyderabad)
Tripura (Agartala)
Uttarakhand (Dehradun)
Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow)
West Bengal (Kolkata)

10 most unknown historical facts about India

1. Its only society in the world which has never known slavery.
2. India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history.
3. India was the richest country on Earth until the time of the British in the early 17th Century.
4. It has been estimated that the total amount of treasure that the British looted from India had already reached £1,000,000,000 (£1Billion) by 1901. Taking into consideration interest rates and inflation this would be worth close to $1,000,000,000,000 ($1Trillion) in real-terms today.
Educational facts -
1. India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
2. Aryabhatta was the first to explain spherical shape, size, diameter, rotation and correct speed of Earth in 499 AD. The World’s first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. Students from all over the World studied more than 60 subjects.
3. Sanskrit was the classical language of India, older than Hebrew is the oldest, most scientific, systematic language in the world.
4. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
5. The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The word ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit ‘Nou’.
6. In Siddhanta Siromani (Bhuvanakosam 6) Bhaskaracharya II described the gravity of earth about 400 years before Sir Isaac Newton. He also had some clear notions on differential calculus and the Theory of Continued Fraction.
Math & Science -
1. Madhavacharya discovered Taylor's series of Sine and Cosine function about 250 years before Taylor. Madhavacharya discovered the Newton Power series. He discovered Gregory Leibnitz series for the Inverse Tangent about 280 years before Gregory. He also discovered the Leibnitz power series for “PI” about 300 years before Leibnitz.
2. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time is taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days.
3. Infinity was well known for ancient Indians. Bhaskaracharya II in Beejaganitha(stanza-20) has given a clear explanation with examples for infinity.
4. Theory of Continued Fraction was discovered by Bhaskaracharya II.
5. Indians discovered Arithmetic and Geometric progression. An arithmetic progression is explained in Yajurveda.
6. Govindaswamin discovered Newton Gauss Interpolation formula about 1800 years before Newton.
7. Vateswaracharya discovered Newton Gauss Backward Interpolation formula about 1000 years before Newton.
8. Parameswaracharya discovered Lhuillier's formula about 400 years before Lhuillier.
9. Nilakanta discovered Newton’s Infinite Geometric Progression convergent series.
10. Positive and Negative numbers and their calculations were explained first by Brahmagupta in his book Brahmaputra Siddhanta.
Source: Keshav -Jindal from quora- 10 unknown facts of India

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