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Mahatma Gandhi



Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Infos

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist, who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British Rule, and in turn inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable"), first applied to him in 1914 in South Africa, is now used throughout the world.

Born and raised in a Hindu family in coastal Gujarat, western India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organizing peasants, farmers, and urban laborers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.

Gandhi led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest.

Gandhi's vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism was challenged in the early 1940s by a new Muslim nationalism which was demanding a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India. In August 1947, Britain granted independence, but the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions, a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. As many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out, especially in the Punjab and Bengal. Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace. In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence. The last of these, undertaken on 12 January 1948 when he was 78, also had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan. Some Indians thought Gandhi was too accommodating. Among them was Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, who assassinated Gandhi on 30 January 1948 by firing three bullets into his chest.

Gandhi's birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence. Gandhi is common, though not formally considered the Father of the Nation in India. Gandhi is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for father, papa


Some Questions You Might Have In Your Mind?

1. What Are Three Facts About Gandhi?

1. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Karamchand was the name of his father. The honorific title Mahatma, or "Great Soul," was given to him in 1914.

2. Gandhi is often called Bapu in India, a term of endearment that means "father."

3. Gandhi fought for much more than independence. His causes included civil rights for women, the abolition of the caste system, and the fair treatment of all people regardless of religion. His mother and father had different religious traditions.

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2. What Was Gandhi Famous For?
 
Mahatma Gandhi (October 2, 1869, to January 30, 1948) was the leader of India's non-violent independence movement against British rule and in South Africa who advocated for the civil rights of Indians.

3. Why Is Mahatma Gandhi Important?

Leader of a Movement
As part of his nonviolent non-cooperation campaign for home rule, Gandhi stressed the importance of economic independence for India. He particularly advocated the manufacture of khaddar, or homespun cloth, in order to replace imported textiles from Britain.


4. What age did Gandhi Get Married?

In May 1883, 14-year old Kasturba was married to 13-year old Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in a marriage arranged by their parents, in the traditional Indian manner. They were married for a total of sixty-two years.

5. What Did Mahatma Gandhi Do?

Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. ... After his return to India in 1915, he set about organizing peasants, farmers and urban laborers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination


6. What Did Mahatma Gandhi Change?

How Gandhi Changed the World. ... Mohandas Gandhi — also affectionately known as Mahatma — led India's independence movement in the 1930s and 40s by speaking softly without carrying much of a big stick, facing down the British colonialists with stirring speeches and non-violent protest.


7. What Was Ironic About Mahatma Gandhis Death?

Gandhi's Assassination Shocked the World Over 70 Years Ago. His death came less than a year after India gained its independence. His death came less than a year after India gained its independence. Mohandas Gandhi was on his way to his daily prayer meeting in New Delhi when an assassin shot him on January 30, 1948. Gandhi's Assassination Shocked the World Over 70 Years Ago. His death came less than a year after India gained its independence. His death came less than a year after India gained its independence. Mohandas Gandhi was on his way to his daily prayer meeting in New Delhi when an assassin shot him on January 30, 1948.

8. What Was Mahatma Gandhi Good At?

In using resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, he became one of the major political and spiritual leaders of his time. In 1915, Gandhi returned to India, where he supported the Home Rule movement, and became the leader of the Indian National Congress


10. Who Influenced Mahatma Gandhi?

Gautama Buddha
Henry David Thoreau
Leo Tolstoy
Jyotirao Phule

11. Did Mahatma Gandhi Have Children’s?

Harilal Gandhi

Ramdas Gandhi

Devdas Gandhi

Manilal Gandhi

12. Why Was Mahatma Gandhi Murdered?

The trial was public, but the statement that Nathuram Godse gave during the trial on why he killed Gandhi was immediately banned by the Indian government. Godse and Apte were sentenced to death on 8 November 1949. They were hanged in the Ambala jail on 15 November 1949.

13. How did Mahatma Gandhi influence the world?

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known as Mahatma meaning 'Great Soul'. He was an astute political campaigner who fought for Indian independence from British rule and for the rights of the Indian poor. His example of non-violent protest is still revered throughout the world today.

14. Why is Gandhi called the Father of the Nation?

Gandhi was the distinguished leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Mahatma Gandhi is also called the Father of the Nation or "Bapu" as the prime minister called him at his funeral; a title was given to him by Subhas Chandra Bose on 6 July 1944 during his address on the Singapore Radio.

15. Where was Mahatma Gandhi Educated?

UCL Faculty Of Laws

16. When Did Mahatma Gandhi Die?
30 January 1948

17. How Did Mahatma Gandhi Die?

Assassination by firearm

18. Who Shot Mahatma Gandhi?

Nathuram Vinayak Godse

Nathuram Godse. Nathuram Vinayak Godse (19 May 1910 – 15 November 1949) was a right-wing advocate of Hindu nationalism who assassinated Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi on 30 January 1948. He shot Gandhi in the chest three times at the point-blank range.



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